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Glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness in the U.S., damages your vision over time without producing noticeable symptoms. In fact, vision loss due to primary open-angle glaucoma, the most commonly diagnosed type of glaucoma, is so gradual that most people won't notice how bad their vision has been affected until the disease reaches an advanced stage.
You may be at a higher risk for suffering glaucoma if you:
For reasons not yet fully understood, fluid starts accumulating in the eye, leading to increased intraocular pressure and damage to the optic nerve. This fluid is supposed to exit the eyes through a specialized drainage system located at the intersection of the cornea and iris. If this system fails to adequately drain this fluid, pressure builds, damages the optic nerve and starts deteriorating your vision.
POA glaucoma is the most common form of glaucoma. This form has only one symptom--gradual reduction of peripheral vision culminating in tunnel vision if progressing without treatment. The second most commonly diagnosed form of glaucoma is acute angle-closure glaucoma, which does present negligible symptoms such as, eye pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting, sudden visual disturbances and light halos.
Ophthalmologists perform several tests to diagnose glaucoma:
While glaucoma can't be cured or reversed, it can be treated with eye drops and medications such as prostaglandins to increase fluid flow and reduce pressure or beta blockers that decrease production of eye fluid.
Cataracts are clumps of protein that develop over the lens of the eye and cloud your vision. Lying behind the pupil and the iris, the lens is responsible for focusing light on the retina to produce images your brain "sees" and recognizes. The most common cause of cataract development is aging due to degradation of lens proteins, followed by smoking, diabetes, corticosteroid use and overexposure to UV radiation. Research has also discovered that cataracts may have a genetic component associated with chromosome abnormalities found in people with Down syndrome, cri-du-chat syndrome and other single-gene disorders.
Surgery is the only treatment for cataracts and involves removing the eye's lens and replacing it with an artificial (intraocular) lens.
For more information about preventive eye care and treatment methods for glaucoma and cataracts, call Advantage Eyecare at 817-788-2020 to speak to one of our staff members.
1st Saturday of every month opened 8am-3pm, closed other Saturdays.
My experience at Advantage Eyecare is always excellent. Convenient online appointment application / friendly, professional staff / quick and efficient appointments. What is not to like? 5 stars and highly recommend for your eye care needs.