Frequently Asked Questions about Glaucoma at Advantage Eyecare
Even if you're not an expert in diseases of the eye, you've probably heard of glaucoma and its reputation as one of the world’s leading causes of blindness, but what is glaucoma, how does it affect vision, and what can you do about this disorder? Check out these answers to some frequently asked questions about glaucoma at Advantage Eyecare on North Richland Hills.
What Kind of Disease Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a progressive, irreversible destruction of the optic nerve, which sends visual data to the brain. It may actually be associated with a number of different underlying diseases or congenital eye issues.
What's the Most Common Cause of Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is most commonly caused by poor drainage of the fluid being produced within the eye. This fluid normally drains through a drainage angle at the front of the eye to maintain constant normal eye pressure. If this drainage system isn't working, the pressure builds, damaging the optic nerve.
What Are the Symptoms of Glaucoma?
In open-angle glaucoma (the most common variety), the damage to the optic nerves may occur so slowly that you don't notice the symptoms for a long time. Peripheral vision will narrow first, followed by the rest of your vision. In a rarer and more acute form known as angle-closure glaucoma, the sudden total failure of the drainage angle causes sudden vision loss, eye pain, vomiting, and nausea.
Who Is at Risk for Glaucoma?
No one is completely free from the threat of glaucoma, but once you're over 40 your risk increases. Steroid use, family history of glaucoma, hypertension, diabetes, thin corneas, and ethnic heritage can all contribute to your glaucoma risk.
How Does Your Optometry Center Check for Glaucoma?
Our optometry center can check for glaucoma as part of your annual comprehensive eye exam. We use a method called tonometry to check the pressure inside the eyes. An unusually high reading may alert us to potential glaucoma. Vision testing helps us discover any reductions in your peripheral vision.
How Does Your Optometry Clinic Treat Glaucoma?
We can often slow or stop the progress of glaucoma with medications. Some medicated eye drops or oral drugs increase drainage function, while others reduce the production of fluid (you may receive a combination of both). In advanced cases, we can refer you for painless outpatient surgery that modifies the eye's drainage system.
Get Your Glaucoma Answers in North Richland Hills
Don't let glaucoma puzzle, intimidate, or frighten you. Get the answers to all of your questions by calling our North Richland Hills office at 817-788-2020 for an appointment!